Tag Archives: News

Learning a language depends on good connection between regions of the left hemisphere of the brain

Language is a uniquely human ability. The average person’s vocabulary consists of about thirty thousand words, although there are individual differences in the ability to learn a new language. It has long been believed that language acquisition depends…
Source: Learning a language depends on good connection between regions of the left hemisphere of the brain

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Chips that mimic the brain

No computer works as efficiently as the human brain – so much so that building an artificial brain is the goal of many scientists. Neuroinformatics researchers from the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich have now made a breakthrough in this direction…
Source: Chips that mimic the brain

Scientists to study novel mechanisms of epileptic seizures to identify targets for therapy

Ten percent of Americans experience a seizure in their lifetime, with three million diagnosed with epilepsy, a chronic neurological disorder. Anticonvulsant medications can mitigate the hyperactivity of neurons that leads to seizures, but not without…
Source: Scientists to study novel mechanisms of epileptic seizures to identify targets for therapy

Breastfed children are less likely to develop ADHD later in life, research finds

We know that breastfeeding has a positive impact on child development and health —including protection against illness. Now researchers from Tel Aviv University have shown that breastfeeding could also help protect against Attention…
Source: Breastfed children are less likely to develop ADHD later in life, research finds

Physician bonuses help drive increases in surgery with minimal patient benefit

Financial incentives for Ontario surgeons are likely a key factor driving greater use of laparoscopic colon cancer surgery, says a study led by a McMaster University surgeon.
Source: Physician bonuses help drive increases in surgery with minimal patient benefit

Physician bonuses help drive increases in surgery with minimal patient benefit

Financial incentives for Ontario surgeons are likely a key factor driving greater use of laparoscopic colon cancer surgery, says a study led by a McMaster University surgeon.
Source: Physician bonuses help drive increases in surgery with minimal patient benefit

Melatonin pre-treatment is a factor that impacts stem cell survival after transplantation

When melatonin, a hormone secreted by the pineal gland, was used as a pre-treatment for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) prior to their transplantation into the brains of laboratory animals to repair damage from stroke, researchers in China found that the…
Source: Melatonin pre-treatment is a factor that impacts stem cell survival after transplantation

New protocol developed to decontaminate human fetal tissues used for cell transplantation

The use of central nervous system fetal tissues derived from routine elective abortions to provide stem cells for transplantation procedures aimed at restoring damage done by neurodegenerative diseases is an established therapy. However, fetal tissue…
Source: New protocol developed to decontaminate human fetal tissues used for cell transplantation

Protein complex linked to cancer growth may also help fight tumors, researchers say

Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital in China have discovered a gene expression signature that may lead to new immune therapies for lung cancer patients. They found that NF-?B, a protein…
Source: Protein complex linked to cancer growth may also help fight tumors, researchers say

Homemade blowgun darts pose choking dangers for teens

(HealthDay)—It seems kids will never stop coming up with creative ways to injure themselves, if the cases of three teen boys and their homemade blowguns are any indication.
Source: Homemade blowgun darts pose choking dangers for teens

Socioeconomic disparities linked to use of eye care

(HealthDay)—People with age-related eye disease such as cataracts or glaucoma are less likely to see an eye care provider if they are in a low socioeconomic position, according to research published online July 18 in JAMA Ophthalmology.
Source: Socioeconomic disparities linked to use of eye care

Study finds that TAML activators don’t interfere with development of zebrafish embryos

A family of molecules developed at Carnegie Mellon University to break down pollutants in water is one step closer to commercial use. Study results published online in the journal Green Chemistry show that the molecules, which are aimed at removing…
Source: Study finds that TAML activators don’t interfere with development of zebrafish embryos

82 percent of adults support banning smoking when kids are in the car

A new poll shows 82 percent of adults support banning smoking in cars when children under 13 are riding in the vehicle.
Source: 82 percent of adults support banning smoking when kids are in the car

Study finds that TAML activators don’t interfere with development of zebrafish embryos

A family of molecules developed at Carnegie Mellon University to break down pollutants in water is one step closer to commercial use. Study results published online in the journal Green Chemistry show that the molecules, which are aimed at removing…
Source: Study finds that TAML activators don’t interfere with development of zebrafish embryos

Could turning on a gene prevent diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90 % of cases of diabetes around the world, afflicting 2.5 million Canadians and costing over 15 billion dollars a year in Canada. It is a severe health condition which makes body cells incapable of taking up and using…
Source: Could turning on a gene prevent diabetes?

Plain packaging reduces allure of cigarettes: study

Scientists on Monday said they had evidence that plain packaging for cigarettes diminishes the appeal of smoking, as anti-tobacco campaigners suggest.
Source: Plain packaging reduces allure of cigarettes: study

Best to be straightforward with parents of overweight and obese kids

University of Otago research into how best to engage parents of overweight and obese children has found motivational interviewing (MI) offers no real advantages over usual care—that of simply giving feedback in a straightforward and non-judgemental way.
Source: Best to be straightforward with parents of overweight and obese kids

Skipping breakfast may be healthy way to shed weight

If you skip breakfast, don’t worry about overeating at lunch or the rest of the day, report Cornell nutritional scientists July 2 in the journal Physiology and Behavior. In fact, nixing breakfast a few times a week may be a reasonable strategy to shed…
Source: Skipping breakfast may be healthy way to shed weight

Older patients need special care in emergency departments

A large international study led by the Centre for Research in Geriatric Medicine at The University of Queensland suggests that emergency departments should focus their attention on the needs of frail older people.
Source: Older patients need special care in emergency departments

Hormones may usher abused girls into early adulthood

During the sort of tense situation that makes palms sweat and voices quaver, children and young adults are typically awash in cortisol, a stress hormone that sounds an alarm and prepares the body for fight-or-flight responses to danger.
Source: Hormones may usher abused girls into early adulthood

Cold caps tested to prevent hair loss during chemo

(AP)—The first time Miriam Lipton had breast cancer, her thick hair fell out two weeks after starting chemotherapy. The second time breast cancer struck, Lipton gave her scalp a deep chill and kept much of her hair—making her fight for survival seem a…
Source: Cold caps tested to prevent hair loss during chemo

Study links mental illness to early death in people with epilepsy

People with epilepsy are ten times more likely to die early, before their mid-fifties, compared with the general population, according to a 41 year study in Sweden published today in the Lancet and part-funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Source: Study links mental illness to early death in people with epilepsy

A flip of the mitotic spindle has disastrous consequences for epithelial cells

Constructing a body is like building a house—if you compromise structural integrity, the edifice can collapse. Nowhere is that clearer on a cellular level than in the case of epithelial sheets, single layers of cells that line every body cavity from…
Source: A flip of the mitotic spindle has disastrous consequences for epithelial cells

MS research could help repair damage affecting nerves

Multiple sclerosis treatments that repair damage to the brain could be developed thanks to new research.
Source: MS research could help repair damage affecting nerves

For a healthy brain, don’t let the trash pile up

Recycling is not only good for the environment, it’s good for the brain. A study using rat cells indicates that quickly clearing out defective proteins in the brain may prevent loss of brain cells.
Source: For a healthy brain, don’t let the trash pile up

Gene mutation in dogs offers clues for neural tube defects in humans

A gene related to neural tube defects in dogs has for the first time been identified by researchers at the University of California, Davis, and University of Iowa.
Source: Gene mutation in dogs offers clues for neural tube defects in humans

Diabetes-linked amputations declining, study finds

(HealthDay)—Fewer foot and leg amputations are being performed on people with diabetes, even as rates of the disease are rising in the United States, a new study finds.
Source: Diabetes-linked amputations declining, study finds

Stem cell discovery furthers research on cell-based therapy and cancer

Stem-cell researchers at UC San Francisco have found a key role for a protein called BMI1 that may help scientists direct the development of tissues to replace damaged organs in the human body.
Source: Stem cell discovery furthers research on cell-based therapy and cancer

Study profiles inpatient peds dermatology consultations

(HealthDay)—Pediatric dermatologists are consulted for patients ranging in age from newborn to 17 years, with the most common diagnostic categories being infectious diseases, graft-versus-host-disease, and dermatitis, according to a retrospective study…
Source: Study profiles inpatient peds dermatology consultations

Newer anticoagulants linked to gastrointestinal bleeding

(HealthDay)—Patients taking the new generation of oral anticoagulants appear to have a higher risk of gastrointestinal bleeding compared with standard care, particularly when treated for venous thrombosis or acute coronary syndrome, according to a…
Source: Newer anticoagulants linked to gastrointestinal bleeding

The genetic key to conquering cholera

Researchers have long understood that genetics can play a role in how susceptible people are to contracting cholera, but a team of Harvard scientists is now uncovering evidence of genetic changes that might also help protect some people from…
Source: The genetic key to conquering cholera

Alternative target for breast cancer drugs

Scientists have identified higher levels of a receptor protein found on the surface of human breast tumour cells that may serve as a new drug target for the treatment of breast cancer. The results, which are published today in EMBO Molecular Medicine,…
Source: Alternative target for breast cancer drugs

Decision aid reduces conflict in breast cancer treatment

(HealthDay)—Chinese women considering surgery for breast cancer have less decisional conflict and subsequent regret if they receive an educational take-home booklet to involve them in decision making, according to a study published online July 8 in the…
Source: Decision aid reduces conflict in breast cancer treatment

Judge grants injunction in Hobby Lobby case

(AP)—A federal judge is temporarily exempting Hobby Lobby Inc. from a provision in the new federal health care law that requires it to offer insurance coverage for the morning-after pill and similar birth control or face steep fines.
Source: Judge grants injunction in Hobby Lobby case

If you’re not looking for it, you probably won’t see it

If you were working on something at your computer and a gorilla floated across your computer screen, would you notice it? You would like to think yes, however, research shows that people often miss such events when engaged in a difficult task. This is…
Source: If you’re not looking for it, you probably won’t see it

Many children with melanoma do not meet ABCDE criteria

(HealthDay)—A considerable proportion of children with melanoma do not present with conventional melanoma detection criteria (asymmetry, border irregularity, color variegation, diameter >6 mm, and evolution [ABCDE]), according to a study published…
Source: Many children with melanoma do not meet ABCDE criteria

The hair of the dog

A surprisingly large number of dogs suffer from hyperadrenocorticism.  The symptoms are caused by excessive amounts of hormones – glucocorticoids – in the body.  Unfortunately, though, diagnosis of the disease is complicated by the fact that…
Source: The hair of the dog

Myelin exploits phase transitions to drive it’s assembly

The ability to construct complex myelin sheaths around axons is one of the greatest vertebrate inventions since the hinged jaw.
Source: Myelin exploits phase transitions to drive it’s assembly

New technique for assessing calorie absorption sheds light on genetic driver of obesity

Researchers from Harvard, NC State and five other universities have found a specific genetic on-off switch associated with obesity in both mice and humans, raising the long-term possibility of developing new treatments for obesity. As part of the…
Source: New technique for assessing calorie absorption sheds light on genetic driver of obesity

Overnights away from home affect children’s attachments, study shows

Babies have an innate biological need to be attached to caregivers, usually their parents. But what happens when babies spend a night or more per week away from a primary caregiver, as increasingly happens in cases where the parents share custody, but…
Source: Overnights away from home affect children’s attachments, study shows

Investigating ADHD in children born prematurely

Families from Nottingham are being invited to take part in a pioneering project to try to understand the links between being born very prematurely and the struggle to pay attention.
Source: Investigating ADHD in children born prematurely

New 3D hair follicle model to accelerate cure for baldness

Hair loss is a common disorder that affects many men and women due to aging or medical conditions. Current FDA-approved drugs can minimize further hair loss but are unable to regrow new hair. The Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) has…
Source: New 3D hair follicle model to accelerate cure for baldness

Computer algorithms reveal how the brain processes and perceives sound in noisy environments

Every day the human brain encounters a cacophony of sounds, often all simultaneously competing for its attention.
Source: Computer algorithms reveal how the brain processes and perceives sound in noisy environments

Computer algorithms reveal how the brain processes and perceives sound in noisy environments

Every day the human brain encounters a cacophony of sounds, often all simultaneously competing for its attention.
Source: Computer algorithms reveal how the brain processes and perceives sound in noisy environments

Researchers explore new treatments for a leading genetic cause of infant deaths

Researchers at Iowa State University have identified an RNA structure in humans that could lead to a new treatment for spinal muscular atrophy, the leading genetic cause of death in babies and young children.
Source: Researchers explore new treatments for a leading genetic cause of infant deaths

Researchers explore new treatments for a leading genetic cause of infant deaths

Researchers at Iowa State University have identified an RNA structure in humans that could lead to a new treatment for spinal muscular atrophy, the leading genetic cause of death in babies and young children.
Source: Researchers explore new treatments for a leading genetic cause of infant deaths

Cancer hijack

Genetically unstable breast cancer cells appear to hijack a mechanism used by healthy stem cells to determine how they should develop into different tissues, according to new research.
Source: Cancer hijack

Cheaper anti-cancer drug as effective as expensive drug in treating most common cause of blindness in older adults

An anti-cancer drug has been proven to be equally as effective in treating the most common cause of blindness in older adults as a more expensive drug specifically formulated for this purpose.
Source: Cheaper anti-cancer drug as effective as expensive drug in treating most common cause of blindness in older adults

Cheaper anti-cancer drug as effective as expensive drug in treating most common cause of blindness in older adults

An anti-cancer drug has been proven to be equally as effective in treating the most common cause of blindness in older adults as a more expensive drug specifically formulated for this purpose.
Source: Cheaper anti-cancer drug as effective as expensive drug in treating most common cause of blindness in older adults

Researchers look for clues to progression of Parkinson’s disease

Emory researchers are conducting a prospective clinical study to examine the possibility of diagnosing Parkinson’s disease (PD) before motor symptoms occur. The study is an arm of the Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI), which was…
Source: Researchers look for clues to progression of Parkinson’s disease